Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws. Forensic scientists collect, preserve, and analyse scientific evidence during the course of an investigation. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene to collect the evidence themselves, others occupy a purely laboratory role, performing analysis on objects brought to them by other individuals. In addition to their laboratory role, forensic scientists testify as expert witnesses in both criminal and civil cases and can work for either the prosecution or the defense. While any field could technically be forensic, certain sections have developed over time to encompass the majority of forensically related cases.
The word forensic comes from the Latin term forēnsis, meaning "of or before the forum." The history of the term originates from Roman times, during which a criminal charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum. Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story. The case would be decided in favor of the individual with the best argument and delivery. This origin is the source of the two modern usages of the word forensic – as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation. In modern use, the term forensics in the place of forensic science can be considered correct, as the term forensic is effectively a synonym for legal or related to courts. However, the term is now so closely associated with the scientific field that many dictionaries include the meaning that equates the word forensics with forensic science.
Rescuers have recovered 70 bodies and 29 body parts so far in search operations following the February 7 glacial disaster in Chamoli, the district police said on Wednesday ...DNA samples of bodies and 28 body parts have been sent to the ForensicScience Laboratory, Dehradun for matching, it said ... Advertisement. .
Police said DNA profiling of the unidentified bodies have been carried out ... “So far DNA samples of 96 relatives and 73 bodies have been sent for matching to forensic science laboratory (FSL) Dehradun,” the statement said ... On Feb ... .
NEW DELHI, Feb ... "Out of these 37 bodies and one body part has been identified.".Police said DNA profiling of the unidentified bodies have been carried out ... "So far DNA samples of 96 relatives and 73 bodies have been sent for matching to forensic science laboratory (FSL) Dehradun," the statement said ... On Feb ... Enditem .
LAHORE ... Investigating Officer Zulfiqar Cheema submitted the report (challan) of over 200 pages against the prime suspect, Abid Malhi, and co-suspect Shafqat Bagga ... The challan says police had traced the suspects with the help of the DNA samples, maintained by the forensic science agency, which matched with the blood stains found at the crime scene ... .
A landmark 2009 study from the National Academy of Sciences found little scientific underpinning to many forensic disciplines used to convict people in courtrooms ... are too wedded to the current ‘fragmented’ forensic science community, which is deficient in too many respects”.
Nici Vance became the state’s forensic anthropologist in 2004, the science around DNA testing was rapidly improving, and she set out to inventory and re-examine all the remains in her care ... Up to that point, investigators had focused on DNA forensics – comparing, say, blood from a crime scene to a mouth swab of a suspect.
The body was no longer fully intact ...Besides that, there was little publicity ... DNA samples were checked three times in the years since by the forensic science laboratory – in July 2008, March 2011 and June 2017, but with no success ... Due to advances in DNA science, this time a match was made with samples taken years before from Denis’s parents ... .
Cape Town - The Department of CommunitySafety said it was concerned over the backlogs in the processing of DNA by the police’s forensic science laboratory and the pressure this places on service delivery, particularly in resolving rape cases.
Modern forensic science including the use of DNA evidence does help in capital cases, he said ... As a defense attorney, he said he is familiar with the cases of many people, especially people of color, who were imprisoned, and some executed, but later exonerated through DNA and other more forensic evidence.
The city also voted and move about $11.9 million from the APD’s budget into a new ForensicScienceDepartment, creating an independent forensics lab separate from the police department ... The APD’s integrated forensics lab was shut down in 2016 after an audit by the Texas Forensic Science Commission found the lab used scientifically faulty practices.
It’s the first time New Jersey courts have discussed the emerging field of probabilistic genotyping, which mathematically analyzes DNA samples. Such technology “marks a profound shift in DNA forensics,” the state appeals court said in a 74-page published ruling Wednesday.