Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws. Forensic scientists collect, preserve, and analyse scientific evidence during the course of an investigation. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene to collect the evidence themselves, others occupy a purely laboratory role, performing analysis on objects brought to them by other individuals. In addition to their laboratory role, forensic scientists testify as expert witnesses in both criminal and civil cases and can work for either the prosecution or the defense. While any field could technically be forensic, certain sections have developed over time to encompass the majority of forensically related cases.
The word forensic comes from the Latin term forēnsis, meaning "of or before the forum." The history of the term originates from Roman times, during which a criminal charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum. Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story. The case would be decided in favor of the individual with the best argument and delivery. This origin is the source of the two modern usages of the word forensic – as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation. In modern use, the term forensics in the place of forensic science can be considered correct, as the term forensic is effectively a synonym for legal or related to courts. However, the term is now so closely associated with the scientific field that many dictionaries include the meaning that equates the word forensics with forensic science.
Officials at Mumbai’s Directorate of ForensicScience Laboratories, where DNA samples of the ONGC tragedy victims are being matched, were not available for comment. At JJHospital’s postmortem centre, which collected DNA samples from victims’ bodies and sent them to the forensics ...
This month, authorities gave an update on the case, including how developments in DNA technology may finally help solve Leech’s slaying ... “Forensic science has advanced to the point that extremely small traces of DNA can be amplified for analysis. That means transfer DNA on the ...
... be taking to clear the massive backlog at the national forensic science laboratories, his response was too little too late ... Mathe said R18500000 in overtime has been allocated to the forensic science laboratory to process the DNA backlog and to manually track and trace exhibits.
In a committee meeting in April, a forensic science expert proposed that if DNA samples were found to be sufficiently intact, some next steps could include working with a genealogist or issuing an open call for probable descendants to submit samples.
This week it was revealed that the SAPS had a DNA forensic backlog of 8 388 cases, most dating as far back as ... This emanated from the shortage of Quantification Kits or so called “DNA consumables” that are essential for DNA testing at the police ForensicScience Laboratories.“.
This draft report, which will be open for public comment for 60 days before being published in final form, reviews the methods that forensic laboratories use to interpret evidence containing a mixture of DNA from two or more people ... This report is the first of several scientific foundation reviews that NIST has undertaken in forensic science.
Additionally, DNA profiling has become an integral part of forensic science as these profiles enable investigators to identify and distinguish multiple samples from a pool of DNA ... DNA sequencing products find applications across various sectors including biomarkers, diagnostics, reproductive health, personalised medicine and forensics.
HumanIdentification refers to a forensic science application branch that is used for analyzing the DNA samples during investigations and identification of an individual ... Sequencing, Rapid DNA Analysis. Based on application the market is segmented into Forensic, Paternity, Others.
The body of a child found on the shores of Norway has been identified as 15-month old Artin, who died along with his family as they tried to cross the English Channel in search of a better life ... “Skilled professionals in the department of forensic sciences at Oslo University hospital managed to retrieve matching DNA profiles,” Norwegian police said.